MODL, CSL, SOL and ENSOL – Australian Migration Lists

MODL, CSL, SOL and ENSOL -  Australian visa application times are determined by these occupation in demand lists. What are they and how do they affect your visa application?

  • MODL – Migration Occupations in Demand
  • CSL – Critical Skills List
  • SOL – Skilled Occupation List
  • ENSOL – Employer Nomination Scheme Occupation List

For further information go to the Australian Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC) website Australian Skills Recognition Information (ASRI) page -

On January 1, the Australian Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC) announced a new list of occupations, which is known as the Critical Skills List (CSL). This is in addition to the Skills Occupation List (SOL) and Migration Occupations in Demand List (MODL). The purpose of the introduction of the CSL was to place weight on the skills that are in acute shortage in Australia and give these applications further priority in processing.

Changes affect visa application processing time

On March 19, DIAC announced new procedures for visa application processing for skilled migration. The order of priority for processing of visas is:

  • employer sponsored permanent migrant applications
  • state/territory nominated visas,
  • CSL occupation.
  • MODL occupation
  • family sponsored and independent applications receive the least level of priority.

Migration agents have reported seeing the difference in processing time now. The demand for Accountants (Degree, ICASL, CIMA qualified), Engineers (Degree level), and Computer professionals (specialist software skills) is acute. There is a noticeable difference in processing times reported from the previous era, if you belong to either State nominated or CSL category visas.

Trades (technical) occupations were taken off the CSL category  due to the current economic trend where less demand is created for jobs at technical level.

In these turbulent economic times we can expect more changes to migration requirements in Australia. It is important to seek advice from a registered migration agent who should be able to provide you with current advice. Refer to the following Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC) web page for further information on migration agents. You do not need to use a migration agent to apply for any visa. However, if you choose to use a migration agent, you should use a registered migration agent.

Is your occupation an occupation in demand for Australia and included on the SOL, MODL, CSL or ENSOL lists?

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  1. Hitesh Puri said on June 1, 2009 at 7:34 pm

    HI ,
    My current qulification as an Electrical Engineer and it is listed in the CSL catagory.Does any one has an idea about the visa processing time for the CSL catagory.

  2. Jose Yesudas said on June 16, 2009 at 9:31 pm

    Dear Sir,

    My current profession is Accountant ans it is listed in CSL and I should require 7 individual score for IELTS for processing on CSL. But my score is 6.5. If have sponsorship from my sister, will my application will be processed on priority basis or should I get 7 score on IELTS.

    Look forward to hear from you.

    Thanks & regards,

    Jose Yesudas

  3. ianlittle said on June 16, 2009 at 10:40 pm

    Jose – We cannot give immigration advice. Talk to a registered migration agent.

  4. kamaljeet singh said on June 17, 2009 at 12:04 am


    i m currently studying at brisbane north,tafe in hospitality management
    is it listed in modl list 2009

  5. ianlittle said on June 18, 2009 at 1:38 am

    kamaljeet – I cannot help people who cannot read. the MODL occupations are listed on this site nad the links to the MODL are on our FAQ page.If you want tisucceed in Australia you must show more initiative.

  6. MJ said on June 26, 2009 at 11:42 pm


    I am on CSL (C# specialist) + Family Sponsorship … 176, what would be the priority of my application? will this fall in “state/territory nominated visas” category?


  7. ianlittle said on June 27, 2009 at 1:00 am

    MJ – Visa applications under the permanent General Skilled Migration program will be processed according to the following order:

    1. employer sponsorship
    2. State or Territory sponsorship
    3. an occupation on the Critical Skills List (CSL)
    4. an occupation on the Migration Occupation in Demand List (MODL)
    5. all other applications in date of lodgement order

    You need to get advice from a registered migration agent on the relationship between the general skilled migration and family sponsorship. You can obtain information from the Department of Immigration and Citizenship fact sheets and booklets

  8. Anuj said on July 6, 2009 at 4:19 pm


    i applied as an Motor Mechanic,earlier this occupation was in CSL and they asked me to provide medical and PPC,i submitted all my documents in the first week of april 09 but now they have shifted my occupation in MODL, So can you please tell me how much time it will take for mi file to process and when i will get my visa….???????

  9. ianlittle said on July 6, 2009 at 8:48 pm

    Anuj – Heaven knows. a migration agent may have some feeling, but it is only likely to be an opinion.

  10. YJ said on July 21, 2009 at 10:39 pm


    In these days I hear lots’ of rumor about the processing. Is there any news about MODL processing. Someone told me MODL won’t be processed in FY10 any more due to lots’ of applicants are listed in CSL. I hope this is really rumor what I can ignore. I applied July 08 and have been waiting a year.

  11. LINSON WALTER said on July 27, 2009 at 10:25 pm

    i applied as an TOOL MAKER,earlier this occupation was in CSL and they asked me to provide medical and PPC,i submitted all my documents in the first week of april 09 but now they have shifted my occupation in MODL, So can you please tell me how much time it will take for mi file to process and when i will get my visa….???????

  12. ianlittle said on July 27, 2009 at 11:00 pm

    Linson – No I cannot, but I reckon your application is now well down the pile. It could take years!! A migration agent may be able to give a better idea. I think you will have to wait until things change.

  13. thao said on July 29, 2009 at 1:46 pm

    i apply as pharmacist ( REG ) – Class UZ Subclass 496 Skilled — Designated Area-sponsored (Provisional) sent to office on 29th August 2007 . How can I know current process times for my document .

  14. ianlittle said on July 29, 2009 at 2:00 pm

    Thao – I would talk to a migration agent.

  15. SZS said on July 31, 2009 at 6:11 pm

    I have got ACS approval of 2231-79 CISSP (IT MODL & CSL)
    i am applying through a MARA accredited agent, and application will be lodged today.

    any idea how long it takes for getting the VISA for occupations listed in CSL and subclass 175 nowadays. i have heard people saying it take 3-4 months max nowadays

    please comment

  16. ianlittle said on August 3, 2009 at 8:27 pm

    SZS – your agent will know more than me.

  17. sumathi said on August 5, 2009 at 7:16 pm

    Dear Sir,

    My current profession is Accountant ans it is listed in CSL and I should require 7 individual score for IELTS for processing on CSL. But my score is 6.5. If have sponsorship from my sister, will my application will be processed on priority basis or should I get 7 score on IELTS.

    Look forward to hear from you.

    Thanks & regards,

  18. ianlittle said on August 5, 2009 at 8:36 pm

    Sumathi – The rules for a sponsored relative visa are differeent from those for general skilled migration. You need to work out which way is best for your individual case. Talk to a migration agent. The better your English is, the better your chance of getting a job in Australia. So whatever migration path you choose – work hard on your English and learning about Australian accounting practices..

  19. Ram said on August 15, 2009 at 2:52 pm


    Total 6 exp in IT,over the past 3 years I am working as a Senior Software Engineer here in India.

    As part of my role I was involved in an exhaustive programme to analyze the business requirements and
    implement applications using technologies MS.Net Technologies programming(C#). Also i completed MCTS(Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist)in .Net Framework 3.5 Windows Presentation Foundation,MOSS 2007 Config and Development.

    Still required IELTS ? for applying MODEL .


  20. ianlittle said on August 15, 2009 at 6:49 pm

    Ram – Yes go to our FAQ page and follow the links to the web pages which will give you all the information.

  21. YJ said on August 19, 2009 at 2:52 pm


    I applied in July 08 as an accountant with 6.5 of IELTS and am waiting for over 1 year. Obviously to be on CSL, should get 7 at each band for accountant. Do you have any updates on MODL, non CSL, processing ? I’m studying english not only for IELTS but aslo practice but it seems not easy to do working and studying simultaneously at the moment. Hence, I’m considering about quitting my job and go to OZ before PR granted. But if MODL processing could resume within this year again, I’d like to sustain my job in my country to save money to be used for my settlement in OZ. Please let me hear your advice.

  22. ianlittle said on August 19, 2009 at 7:48 pm

    YJ – I will always recommend that you do not give up your day job without something to go to. Your English is not good enough to get a job in Australia. Do not expect sympathy from me about working and studying. It is not easy. This is part of the test of whether you have enough inner strength to achieve a goal. If you cannot do this you will probably not succeed in Australia anyway. You must get into places where you are using English a Project Australuialot. At your level of English, practice is more important than any formal training. provides a range of tips to help you develop Austarlian English. It is not really just for engineers.

  23. PK said on September 24, 2009 at 8:47 am

    I have applied to skilled migration visa with ASCO 2231-15. But, this is not in CSL. But i am a Java professinal.If i get my skilled re-assessed by ASC as 2231-79 ( Java Professional), will i be able to my ASCO Code with immigration ?

  24. ianlittle said on September 24, 2009 at 1:40 pm

    PK – If you have already applied for a visa you cannot chamge your occupation. See a migration agent for advice. At the moment if the occupation you nominate is not on the CSL your application will be very low in the pile. Probably too low to be assessed till 2012.
    If you have not het applied for a visa and can demonstrate you have the qualifications amd competencies,all you have to lose is the cost of an application to ACS. The alternative is to wait until the priorities change. This is not a good plan as you have no control over what the Government will do. A no brainer I think.

  25. PK said on September 25, 2009 at 10:49 am

    Thank you very much. I have already applied to Visa. Can i re-apply if i get my skills assessed as 2231-79 ( java professional). Can i get any refund of my first application? Or else, do i need to wait till 2012?

  26. HP said on September 25, 2009 at 4:56 pm

    I have got to skill assessment a with ASCO 2231-15 (Software Designer) in GROUP A from ACS. But, this is not in CSL. But I am a .NET professional. If i get my skilled re-assessed by ASC as 2231-79 (.NET). My employers was not ready to provide descriptive employer reference latter so i have given statutory declaration with all required details, roll & responsibilities, working hours, full time etc with reference of Manger under i am/was working for each company. I have 5= year of work Ex in same Technologies (.NET /C#)

    Should I go for “appeals” or not?
    What should I do /write increate chance to get required ASCO code i.e. 2231-79 (.NET Specialist)?

  27. Steph said on September 25, 2009 at 7:38 pm

    Wow Ian…it’s a good thing you’re not paid to be nice to people on this site. I’m terrified that my english may not be perfect, even though I scored straight 9′s in the IELTS exam. So as a plebeian journalist with family in Australia, I expect to wait about a decade for my application to be processed. *sigh*

  28. ianlittle said on September 26, 2009 at 6:00 pm

    Steph – Being honest is being nice – not allowing people to have vain hope and pay money to people who will not really help them.

  29. ianlittle said on September 26, 2009 at 6:01 pm

    HP- You need to get advice from a migration agent if you have applied for a visa.

  30. ianlittle said on September 26, 2009 at 6:04 pm

    PK – Consult a migration agent . I would think you cannot re-apply and you will not get a refund.

  31. HP said on September 29, 2009 at 10:49 pm

    I have not applied for VISA yet, as with this ASCO code have lowest priority may be it will take 2012. can u give me some way to get required ASCO code?

  32. ianlittle said on September 29, 2009 at 11:00 pm

    HP – You cannot change what you are too much unless you are on the edges of an occupation such as between engineering and computing where you may be able to emphasise one area or the other. You have to look at the ASCO definitions for occupations which may be similar. Remeber it all has to be consistent, qaulifications, work experience and nominated occupation.

  33. Avi said on September 30, 2009 at 9:19 pm

    I am going to Graduate from RMIT University melbourne , in november as Bachelors of Network Engineering(acc. by Engineers Australia) (H2A/High Second honours)
    I have also got straight 8′s in my IELTS

    Had a look at the latest release about changes to CSL and also the MODL and CSL list .
    But still not sure
    What are my options to apply for PR??

  34. gagan said on October 6, 2009 at 7:45 pm

    hai i am lab tech from india. i have 1 year i am on dependent visa please tell me i am qualified for skille visa or not.

  35. ianlittle said on October 6, 2009 at 7:57 pm

    Gagan – Of course not. You need to be able to communicate in English.

  36. spring said on October 10, 2009 at 9:42 pm

    I lodged my case in august 2007. my ass code was 2231-15. 26 months passed. I am still waiting. I have been working as java programmer via 2 years which passed. if I assessed again I will ass in 2231-79. so I will be in critical list, otherwise I must wait till the end of 2012. then it is for 5 years which I am waiting for this process.
    pls help me what can I do for accelerating my case.
    (I hired a lawyer who is the member of MARA)

  37. ianlittle said on October 11, 2009 at 7:48 am

    Spring – Make your migration agent earn his money. I cannot advise on visa matters. Your migration agent must deal with this.

  38. Hardy said on October 15, 2009 at 6:46 am

    Mate! I wanna know that if I complete advanced diploma in accounting (tafe) then what would be my status I mean will I be an accountant? And after that can I apply for permanent residency? Considering the thing that I’ll be able to get 7 bands in ielts!! What I’ll have to for my job experience ?please explain evrythin to me !!! M very confused!!! Waitin for ur reply!!

  39. ianlittle said on October 15, 2009 at 8:35 pm

    Hardy – Are you really sure your English is up to it? you write like an engineer! How about trying to find the information for yourself. Look up the requirements from the Australian Skills Recognition Information (ASRI) web site, and follow that up through the organisations who accredit accounting occupations in Australia. Go to our FAQ page to find the ASRI link. Do the research for yourself, that will help you get over your confusion.

  40. CHAMPAK said on October 21, 2009 at 2:15 pm

    Hello sir/madem

    How Are You,

    My self Champak darji, now i m study in TAFE SA (Adelaide) and doing Hospitality Management.(Not cookery or pesstry)

    i finished my Advance Diploma in hospitality also.

    now a days i m doing Bachelor in hospitality management at tafe sa and hopefully i will finish my bachelor degree in next july (2010) with tafe sa.

    currently i also work in Adelaide convention Centre as a Food and beverge Attendant realted to my course and i nearly finish my 600 hours work exeprience.

    from above all the information is related to my course so i want to know following answer so it will be help me in future and i hope you will give me good responce so i will be contact you in future also for my file process.

    1. How much point for this course after degree.(2.5 years study in asutralia)
    2. Chances of TR or PR in future for hospitality course that i m doing now.
    3. How many hours exeprience requird for bonus point.
    4. What about state sponsership
    5. IELTS band requirment

    if you have any more information about this course then tell me to help me in future.

    i will waiting for your kindely responce as soon as possible.


    Champak darji

  41. ianlittle said on October 21, 2009 at 10:10 pm

    Champak – You need to do a lot of work on your English. I cannot advise you on all these migration matters. Read Booklet 6: General Skilled Migration and see the Australian Skills Recognition Information (ASRI) requirements. Follow the links form our FAQ page, then talk to a registered migration agent. Use the links from this site so you understand the requirements yourself and can make your own decision. Be aware that Australian rules are constantly changing.

  42. A Singaporean Migrant said on November 4, 2009 at 1:13 pm

    Ian, I can’t imagine that you have to deal with so much silly questions which can be read straight from the net or from your book. If these guys can’t even understand basic English and simple logic, I reckon they won’t be able to make it in the workforce. Anyhow, I hope you can continue writing more wonderful titles for the migrant in need. I bought your book recently and it sure is worth all the money spent.


    William Low

  43. fereshteh said on November 8, 2009 at 2:00 am

    Dear Sir/Madam,
    I have applied for skilled worker visa 175.
    I have made a mistake in my occupation, I have mentioned my occupation system programmers that is not on csl, but my real occupation is oracle specialist that is on csl,Is there any way to correct this mistake or I should lodge again?

  44. ianlittle said on November 8, 2009 at 7:22 am

    Fereshteh – I cannot provide immigration advice. See a registered migration agent. For more information read the Visa processing times article and links to DIAC FAQs. article blog page.

  45. Sandy said on November 13, 2009 at 1:07 am

    I am Indian citizen, i applied PR to Australia (CPA australia), i married a srilankan girl in india., i scored ielts 5.5 overall band. My process getting delay., can u tell me how long will take to get my visa.,

    Sandy – Not until requirements change. You will be at the bottom of the pile as you English is below an acceptable level.

  46. Rubel said on November 21, 2009 at 1:16 am

    G’day Ian! Hw r ya? I was wondering if u cld giv me a suggestion in regard to ma case. I hav got a diploma of accounting (Sydney institute) which I have assessed as a branch accountant which is on da sol list and I’m 21 years old n I believe if I sit for da ielts I wld get a overall score of 7. at da moment I’m doin ma degree in accounting from UC. now I’m thinking of applying on 857 rsms visa but da problem is to find an employer to sponsor me, u reckon da employers wld show interest in sponsoring an overseas employee? hav u got any idea whr shall I apply coz it has to be a financial institution, wid da banks de won’t hire anyone without residency. so I’m confused whr exactly shall I go to look for a job who is willing to sponsor.
    I know I’m askin u a silly question but I’m not sure wat to do. I will highly appreciate it, if u cld gimme some ideas. cheers;)

  47. ianlittle said on November 21, 2009 at 1:04 pm

    Rubel – If you kepp writing rubbish like that you will never get a job. Grow up and try being professional. Do the professional year and learn how to handle yourself in business.

  48. Arif Rahman said on November 21, 2009 at 11:40 pm

    I am in computer profession,have got 6 (each band) in Ielts.i made an assessment of my subject and is in CSL list.last month i applied for PR.would u plz give me the information how long it will take getting PR.

  49. ianlittle said on November 22, 2009 at 2:51 am

    Arif – Follow this link

  50. Confused said on December 3, 2009 at 1:41 pm

    I am a C, C++ speciallist with 9 plus years experience in this field. My ASCO code is 2231-79 and my application type is Class VE 175 Skilled Migrant Indepent. Could anyone tell me whether my profession comes under CSL or not. My CO has asked for medical and character certficates. Does it mean my application will be finalised within 3 or 4 months.

    Really confused…………….

  51. ianlittle said on December 3, 2009 at 9:24 pm

    Confused – You need to got to Our Jobs in Australia page where you will find a link to the CSL list. You laso need to go to our FAQ page for lins to the Australian Computer Society site for details of the specific IT categories. I have no idea how long the assessment will take. Other applicants such as sponsored folk have priority over you.

  52. ianlittle said on December 16, 2009 at 9:20 pm

    Kashif – Talk to a migration agent or your case manager. Don’t be surprised if it is 3 years or is deferred longer.

  53. kranthikiran said on December 19, 2009 at 3:07 pm

    Hi ,

    I have got my skill assessment as 2231-79(.Net Technologies Specialist) andi have got 6.5 band over all for general skill immigration. So my doubt is …is this sufficient to apply for immigration with this band score over all

  54. ianlittle said on December 19, 2009 at 10:00 pm

    Kranthikiran. – You must have more than 6 i neach category, an average is not good enough. Talk to a migration agent.

  55. baljit said on December 20, 2009 at 10:27 am

    hello ,my name is baljit.i am doing certificate iii in printing and graphics desiging(graphic pree- press) in sydney. want to know is this course is in demand list for getting PR IN AUSTRALIA.Basically i am from india. i hope to hear from you soon

  56. ianlittle said on December 20, 2009 at 10:58 am

    Baljit – go to our FAQ page and follow the links to the ASRI (Australian Skille Recignition Information site

  57. Neesh said on January 3, 2010 at 9:21 pm

    Hi, I have received positive out come by Vettasses under Office manager job category recently. I have gained my qualification while I was working as an Office manager. Do I have to wait one year after my qualification completed to lodge my final application or can I apply any time as I have already work more than 5 years in same job role?
    Thank you.

  58. ianlittle said on January 4, 2010 at 5:53 pm

    Neesh – Go to the Department oh Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC) website or see a registered migration agent.

  59. ANIL KUMAR RAI said on February 9, 2010 at 12:23 am

    I had lodged my file with IELTS 0n 23 feb 2009. my visa class is 175 modl gsm. could you please tel me when my file will be allocated to the case officer to do my medical and pcc.

  60. ianlittle said on February 9, 2010 at 8:17 am

    Anil – It could take 3 years

  61. Avijit said on March 4, 2010 at 12:15 pm

    I am in Perth since 2009 on a 457 visa and is having a Permanent Full time Govt. Job. My ASCO code is 31179 which is not on the ENSOL/SOL/MODL llist .
    Is there any way out by which I can apply for the PR visa ?
    Please let me know.

  62. ianlittle said on March 4, 2010 at 7:23 pm

    Avijit – As you already have a permanent job, get your employer to sponsor you.

  63. garry said on March 18, 2010 at 8:26 pm

    what is state migration plan agreed by minister and how it differ from state sponsorship.have both same priority order.

  64. abhinav bhateja said on March 19, 2010 at 1:02 am

    sir, i m bachelor in pharmacy and have 2yr full time and 4yr prt time (5hr.aday) exp. in retail pharmacywith ielts score-6.this profession is on sol and this time i m eligible for getting PR ? how mch time it will get?

  65. ianlittle said on March 19, 2010 at 1:15 am

    Abhimav – It could take three years. you may haveto do additional syudy to have your qualifications accepted in Australia.

  66. natasha said on April 6, 2010 at 7:17 pm

    Hi Ian

    My partner and our have applied under state sponsorship in WA. His occupation is on the MODL and the CSL, so would they still prioritise him under the CSL quicker as far as processing times for sponsorship. We cannot put in the DIAC until we hear back from WA on the sponsorship, catch 22 really! We have been waiting since October 09 for their reply so only 6 months!
    We are just concerned that the CSL may change before we hear back from WA. There is a rumour.
    Kind Regards


  67. ianlittle said on April 7, 2010 at 7:25 am

    Natasha – It is more than a rumour . the CSL will disappear mid year. See the article on our blog. If it is any comfort, I would expect most of the occupations currently on the CSL will be retained on the new SOL – that is purely an opinion. Australia needs most types of engineers, especially mining engineers, and health professionals.

  68. tanisha said on June 15, 2010 at 11:39 am

    Hi Ian,
    I am very confused between MODL and SOL list.
    I have my bachelors of engineering in Electronics & Comm. and working in IT since 4 years.
    I should get my skills assessed from Engineer’s australia or ACS?
    I am test analyst and in ACS I fall under the category:
    2231-79 Computing Professionals nec(Computing Tester)
    2231-79 is there in the MODL list but there is no Computing tester.
    2231-79 is not there in the SOL list.
    I am very confused.
    What should I do. Please guide me through.


    Tanisha – The MODL had been abolished, so it is no longer relevant. The only list that is relevant is the new SOL.

  69. Immigration Solicitor said on August 2, 2011 at 3:33 am


    [...]the time to read or visit the content or sites we have linked to below the[...]…

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